Tests and research

See also:




Polish version of test: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R90_VTz2mK4 (more than 1 000 000 views / 1 milion views).


The purpose of the the test was to present action of Ceramizer® regarding protection and renovation of engines.

A) Compression pressure measurement and exhaust emission analysis made before and after making of 2124 km / 1320 miles since application of Ceramizer®:

Vehicle: Honda Civic: Registration Number: WF 85817, Year: 1992, Mileage: 181 350 km, Engine Number: D15B26834351, Type: D15B7 (1.5i 16V), Capacity: 1493cm3, Power:75 kW (101 Horse Power at 5900 rev/min and 124 Nm at 5000 rev/min), LPG installation.

Measurements were made at CHMS Jacek Chojnacki, ul. Pruszkowska 32, 05-830 Nadarzyn in Poland, with use of SPCS15 device for compression pressure measurement, and analyser type TecnoTest model 481 for exhaust emission analysis.

Oil additive test

Compression pressure measurement:

  • Before the Ceramizer® application, the compression pressure measurement was performed on 18.10.2007 at mileage of 181 350 km / 112 685 miles.
  • After making 2124 km / 1320 miles since application of Ceramizer® (2 dosages into the engine and 1 dosage into a gearbox) compression pressure measurement was made at mileage of 183 474 km / 114 005 miles on 06.11.2007.

Engine compression test Engine oil additive application

Obtained results:

ceramic oil additives reviews   Engine compression oil additive

Ceramizer® application /mileage [km]

I cylinder


II cylinder


III cylinder


IV cylinder


0 km / mileage 181 341





2124 km / mileage 183 474





% increase

13 %

53 %

136 %

50 %

Engine compression before and after application of Ceramizer

The biggest compression pressure increase (up to 136%) was obtained on 3rd cylinder, namely from 5,5 bar to 13 bar.

Before the Ceramizer® application, the compression pressure on three cylinders was below 10 bar, which indicated significant wear and tear of the engine. Ceramizer® application resulted in an increase of a nominal compression pressure on all cylinders and and consequently the renovation of the engine followed.

Exhaust emission analysis performed before and after making 2124 km since Ceramizer® application confirmed a decrease of toxic substances emission namely carbon monoxide (CO) by 17%, hydrocarbon (HC) by 20% and carbon dioxide (CO2) by 3,6%.

Exhaust emission analysis Exhaust emission analysis oil additive

  Before (mileage of 181 341 km) After making 2124 km (mileage 183 474 km)
Idle gear revolutions 1080 RMP 920 RMP
CO 1,73 1,43 (decrease by 17 %)
CO2 19,9 19,2 (decrease by 3,6 %)
HC 200 160 (decrease by 20 %)
O2 0 0

Test confirmed an idle gear revolutions decrease from 1080 rev/min to 920 rev/min and at the same time smooth operation of the engine.

Test showed that electrodes were a lighter colour, which indicated decreased oil consumption.


Engine oil test Engine oil test Engine oil test

After measurement with odometer reading at 183 474 km, oil was drained and the engine was started (without the oil) on idle gear to prevent any defects before test driving without the oil.

Engine oil additive test  Engine test without an oil Engine run without an oil

Total time of the engine operation on idle gear without the oil was 30 minutes - 3 x 10 minutes, at intervals of 15 minutes.

The oil was then collected and one dose of Ceramizer® was applied into the engine.
The vehicle travelled another 1108 km with the oil in the engine. The car travelled 3240 km with Ceramizer® (which was enough for the formation of a ceramic coating), and the car was then tested without the oil.

Engine  Ceramizer application Ceramizer test

B) Test during driving without oil:

On 14.11.2007 at 184 582 km mileage (3240 km made since Ceramizer® application) driving test without oil was performed on the road at an average air temperature of +1oC.

Engine run without oil

The engine was heated until a working temperature was reached and then the oil was drained.

  Honda Civic 5 gen Run engine without an oil engine without an oil

The engine was started and around 10 o’clock the vehicle set off from Nadarzyn (near Warsaw) to Katowice (Spodek- Concert Hall) and back to Nadarzyn.

  Ceramizer test Driving without an oil

Route made without the oil: E67: Nadarzyn-Mszczonów-Rawa Mazowiecka- Piotrków Trybunalski- E75: Kamieńsk-Częstochowa-Koziegłowy-Siewierz- route 86 Będzin- Katowice (Spodek) - Będzin- E75: Siewierz Koziegłowy-Częstochowa-Kamieńsk-Piotrków Trybunalski- E67: Rawa Mazowiecka-Mszczonów-Nadarzyn.

Ceramizer test route

The test was monitored and observed by journalists of the following newspapers: Motor, Super Express and TV channels: TVN Turbo and an editorial team of Motokibic TV - a program broadcast by TVP3 Katowice.

 Ceramizer test television Ceramizer test TV  

Engine dismantling confirmed a normal wear of crankshaft bearing pillows (for an engine of over 180 000 km mileage), wear was within limits despite of 562 km travelled without oil.

Engine inspection after Ceramizer test Engine inspection after driving without oil Engine inspection after driving without oil Engine inspection after driving without oil 3 Engine inspection after driving without oil 4  

Test results:

  1. The vehicle made 562 km without oil in the engine in urban driving (5%) and non-urban areas (95%)
  2. The engine temperature during the test was within standards.
  3. The car travelled at an average speed of 90km/h. At times, it reached a speed of 120 km/h.
  4. The engine was powered by petrol and LPG alternately (which provided for the extreme conditions of the engine operation).
  5. Despite of some hours of operation without oil (in total around 7 hours), the engine was still in good working order and did not cause any problems while driving the car.
  6. The engine that was in good working order was dismantled and preparedfor an estimate regarding bearing pillows wear as a result of friction.
  7. Crankshaft bearing pillows wear was within limits despite extreme conditions for the engine operation.

Test results regarding the engine that travelled 562 km confirmed the effective action of Ceramizer® in protecting of engines against wear and tear and confirmed its unique properties. The main objective of the test was to examine Ceramizer's® impact on the protection of the friction surface (the objective was not to demonstrate that it is possible to operate an engine without oil or that the oil is notessential). We drained the oil to provide extreme conditions for the engine operation.
Due to the extreme conditions of test we strongly advise against performing similar tests on other vehicles.

Articles on the performed test (Polish language):


TEST 3: Presenting engine regeneration with the use of Ceramizers® and the influence of the product on the power and torque of the engine (dyno test).

Vehicle: Honda Civic 1.6 16v of 1991
Engine mileage: 234 thousand 683 km /145 thousand 738 miles
Registration number: WI 92009

Ceramizer® products applied to the engine and gearbox.
Oil changed about 1500 km /930 miles prior to application of Ceramizer® at odometer reading of 233050 km /144724 miles.
First measurement taken prior to application of Ceramizer® - at odometer reading of 234683 km / 145738 miles.
Second measurement taken after application of Ceramizer® and driving for about 1400 km /870 miles - at odometer reading of 236083 km /146607 miles.

1. Maximum increase by 3 kG/cm2 i.e. by 26.3 % of end compression pressure was obtained on the 3rd cylinder.
2.Increase to nominal values and equalization of end compression pressure obtained in all cylinders, in other words the engine returned to practically out-of-factory condition.
3. Increase of maximum torque Nmax by 3 Nm (affecting the dynamics of the vehicle).
4. Increase of maximum power Pmax by 2 HP (affecting the dynamics of the vehicle).

Dyno test engine oil additives 

Diagrams of torque N and power P curves in function of engine rpm.

Engine compression before/after oil additve application

Measurement of end compression pressures at open throttle (left - prior to application of Ceramizer® / right - after application of Ceramizer® and driving for about 1400 km /870 miles):

Data transferred to table:

Cylinder no.: I


Prior to application of Ceramizer® 12,3 12,8 11,4 11,5
After 1400 km /870 miles from application of Ceramizer® 14,1 14,0 14,4 14,4
Percentage increase 14,6 % 9,4 % 26,3 % 25,2 %


TEST 4: Presenting engine regeneration with the use of Ceramizers® and the influence of the product on vehicle dynamics.

Tests were carried out at the Przemyslowy Instytut Motoryzacji PIMOT (Motor Industry Institute) in Warsaw, and the tested car was a Daewoo Nexia.
Vehicle: Daewoo Nexia
Engine mileage: 179 thousand 407 km /111 thousand 411 miles

During the first visit to the PIMOT, the end compression pressures were measured (reflecting the engine condition) and vehicle dynamics were measured (accelerating from 60 to 140 km/h /37 to 87 mph in 5th gear). Ceramizers® were subsequently applied to the engine and gearbox.

After driving about 2654 km / 1600 miles (from the time of application of Ceramizers®), measurements were taken again. Measurement of the end compression pressures at open throttle showed an increase and equalization to nominal values in all cylinders. The maximum increase was obtained of 1.8 bar, i.e. by 16.3% of end compression pressure in the 4th cylinder, in other words the engine practically returned to nominal condition. This is precisely reflected in the following diagram and table.

Data transferred to table:

Date of measurement Odometer reading Mileage since application of Ceramizer® I cylinder [bar] II cylinder [bar] III cylinder [bar] IV cylinder [bar]



0 12,2 12,1





2654 km

1600 miles



12,9 12,8
    Percentage increase 8,2 % 7,4 % 11,2 % 16,3 %

Due to the application of Ceramizers®, we also obtained a 9.9% increase in vehicle dynamics in terms of acceleration from 60 to 140 km/h /37 to 87 mph in 5th gear.

Date of measurement Odometer reading Mileage since application of Ceramizer® Distance

179407 km

111411 miles


1622 m

0,62 miles



113011 miles

2654 km

1600 miles

1460 m

0,91 miles

    Shortening of acceleration distance by:

162 m

0,1 mile

Industrial research

As a part of the research project of an electronic diagnostics device in real time (on-line) for toothed gear with the purpose of general use called Vibrex along with expert program Gearexpert enabling detection of damaged drive, experimental research financed by the Scientific Research Committee was carried out with the use of a special additive for oils named CERAMIZER ®.
It comprises a part of monograph of Doctor Engineer Jerzy Tomaszewski and Józef Drewniak, entitled “Toothed Gear Seizing”.
Source : www.zent.pl

Industrial oil additive 

Impact of CERAMIZER® - oil additive on gear performance parameters.

Processes linked with gear seizing, are connected with the friction ratio between two cooperating wheels as a result of wheel inter-tooth slip. Friction generates heat on the teeth surface and under some conditions, results in gear seizing. For the purpose of the research we chose the CERAMIZER®, a gear oil additive manufactured by VIDAR from Warsaw.

Ceramization of metal surfaces results in the generation of a ceramic- metal layer on metal surfaces of machines and devices susceptible to friction during operating. By building up a ceramic-metal layer CERAMIZER® regenerates and rebuilds metal surfaces susceptible to friction, permanently adhering to metal on a molecular level. The generated metal-ceramic layer is hard, durable and has a low friction ratio. It is able to superbly carry away heat and is high-temperature and mechanical load- resistant. This layer fills, coats and smoothes micro-defects and deformations of metal surfaces subjected to friction. As a result of a high local temperature (above 900ºC) at places of friction, the melting of particles of CERAMIZER® occurs. These particles of CERAMIZER® are characterized by a high level of adhesion to metal and carry particles of metal included in oil or grease into used spots (selective transfer) where there is elevated temperature as a result of friction. The diffusion of the particles then follows. In these spots particles of metal and CERAMIZER® rebuilt surfaces generate the ceramic–metal layer.

As a result of CERAMIZER® diffusion with the metal surface the crystal structure of metal is improved and the outer layer gets hardened and filled up (a durable, inseparable ceramic- metal protective layer is generated).

Friction contact properties lubricated with oil and added CERAMIZER® were initially examined with Roll-Block test apparatus T-05 manufactured by ITE in Radom. Test apparatus T-05 is used for the estimation of properties of plastic smears, oils and solid smears and wear resistance during friction of metals and plastics and to examine seizing resistance of low-friction coats applied on heavily loaded machine parts. The test apparatus is designed to carry out research according to methods stipulated in American standards: ASTM D 2714, D 3704, D 2981 and G 77. Due to applied solutions and equipment fitted to machine tests, it was possible to carry out tests of smeared and dry slide contact and oscillatory motion with the possibility to adjusting the slide speed and amplitude. The examined contact may be intensive or spread. The operation of the test apparatus is presented in figure 7.10.

Sample grip 4 with semicircular insert 3 comprises self-adjusting clamping of block 1, that provides for tight fitting to roll 2 and the same uniform spreading of thrust on contact. The two-lever loading system allow for applying force pressing down block toward roll P with an accuracy of 1%. Roll rotates with n monotonous, rotating speed or performs oscillation motion with f frequency. In the research, friction force, linear friction unit wear, temperature of block and oil were reported on. Tested elements of T-05 stand is a sample of block and anti-sample-roll. The cylindrical surface of the rotating roll along with side surface of the block comprise a spread contact- 6,35 mm wide.

A block-steel ŁH15 of 60HRC hardness, roll- steel ŁH15 of 60HRC hardness were used during research. The research included:

  • Mass wear calculated as block sample mass with use of a balance of 0,0001 g resolution.
  • Volume wear calculated on the basis of mass consumption as of 7,85 g/cm ³ density of block.
  • Volume wear calculated as a linear wear of friction unit in µm measured with displacement converter in relation to distance in km.
  • An average friction ratio calculated as an average value of registered instants for given friction distance.

The applied research method included determination of parameters for a basic oil type FVA-2 without and with addition of CERAMIZER®. Research was carried out for a unit load of 120kg, slide speed of 0,5m/s and friction distance of 10 800m. Table 7.1 presents results for a basic oil and oil with additive.

List of results of tribiliological parameters. Table 7.1

Along with the decrease of the friction ratio, the block temperature fell by 28% in relation to the block temperature with the reference oil.

Obtained results on test apparatus shall be verified for conditions of contact prevailing during meshing and  impact of additive on other parameters of gear shall be defined. The main object of research was to determine the impact of oil additive on dynamic properties of cylindrical gear. According to description provided by manufacturer of mechanisms Ceramizer generated a metal-ceramic layer on cooperating tooth surfaces that during generation were subject to self-smoothening. The ceramic-metal coat provides for smoothing of micro-cracks, scratches and spalling. As a result of performed ceramization a proper profile of tooth is obtained and considerable decrease of inter-teeth friction. The main objective of research was to determine the impact of ceramic layer generated on teeth surface on gear performance parameters. Research included measurement of following parameters:

  • Oil and gear body temperature.
  • Gear body vibrations- noise from gear (acoustic pressure ) - deviation, meshing before and after additive operation.
  • Residual stress on surface of tooth before and after ceramization.

Research was carried out on a closed power stand SB-J2 presented on figure 7.12.

Research was carried out on three pairs of wheels of cinematic- construction parameters that are included in table 7.4. Wheels were made from steel type 18HGT and subjected to carburizing up to 0,2 depth of module and subjected to hardening up to 56 ±2 HRC hardness. During every experiment pinion was loaded with 650 +6 Nm twisting moment.

During every test a fresh oil, type TRANSOL SP-150 with addition of CERAMIZER® was used.

Parameters of wheels used for testing. Table 7.2

Table 7.3 includes number of tests, number of used samples and anti-samples and values of instants loading pinion.
List of numbers of gear wheels used for tests and values of load moments for pinion. Table 7.3

Every test was carried out for 48 hours (according to manufacturer of CERAMIZER®, the whole process shall follow up to 40 hours of gear work under loading).

Figure 7.13 shows measurement stand applied for the purpose of determining gear performance parameters. In casing 1 were fixed wheels of sample and anti-sample- listed in table 2. Sensor 8 measures acceleration of gear body vibrations. Temperature sensors 9,14 measure temperature of gear body and temperature of inner oil casing. Sound level gauge 10 records fluctuations of acoustic pressure every 2 minutes. Results were recorded with DasyLab system, version 4.0 item 12,13.

Shaft torque moment with pinion was measured with extensometer system 6 with telemetric transfer of signal 7 to data logistics system 12. Rotating speed of inlet shaft tested gear 1 was adjusted with inverter 15. Measurement of residual stress on teeth surface was made with x ray diffraction instrument type ASTX2002 presented on figure 7.14.

Measurement of performance deviation of teeth was obtained with the Hoefler measurement machine. On each of measurement tests performance deviations were determined with reference to a wheel before and after ceramization.
Measurement results will be presented for every measured performance parameter respectively. These results were recorded during the whole experiment that is since gear turning on, later on during ceramization and during operating of Ceramizer®  on sides of teeth.
Oil temperature inside gear and body was measured with thermocouples type J every  minute during the whole test.

Figure 7.16 presents fluctuations of temperature of gear body during three measurement tests.
In both cases given values determine gain in temperature in relation to environment temperature.
Analysis of charts shows that during ceramization there are not any significant changes of temperature within area of heat flow
(horizontal line). Only in case of test 1 ( figure 7.15 and 7.16) a significant oil temperature and body gear temperature decrease was reported especially in final phase of test. A large thermal inertia of gear may cause significant delays in temperature fluctuations of oil and gear casing what results in undetected temperature fluctuation during heat flow.

On ceramization of side teeth surface , amplitude of vibration acceleration was measured. Figure 7.17 presents fluctuations of vibration acceleration amplitude with reference to three tests.

Analysis of charts shows decrease of gear body vibrations during ceramization. Clearly seen is  the time zone for generation of layer and breaking in of wheels. After this,  process levels of vibrations stabilize and fluctuate around a constant value. If we consider vibration amplitude level as of a starting one then we finally receive almost twice as much decrease of vibration amplitude. Table 7.4 presents average values  of vibration speed and acceleration amplitude in the first and the last hour of an experiment.

Comparison of effective vibrations amplitude. Table 7.4

Equivalent acoustic pressure was as a measured noise parameter in period of two minutes with the use of filter type A. Noise was measured with gauge type SVAN-912 E class I with recording of results. Figure 7.18 presents results with reference to noise measurement for test 1.
Industrial oil additive

Taking into consideration results it is possible to distinguish two zones: the first one with clear tendency for ceramization of teeth side surface and resulting in decrease of noise level and the second one of stabilized noise fluctuation around an average value. Table 7.5 includes results of calculations for an average acoustic pressure value on the right and on the left of a red line shown on figure 7.18.

Comparative results of acoustic pressure measurement. Table 7.5

Industrial oil additive test

Measurement of residual stress was made for wheel sample No. 61-03-05-30 for tooth No. 1,5,10,15,20,15 on the right. Measurement was taken for teeth after ceramization and grinding.
Table 7.6 includes measurements results of residual stress for direction tangent to tooth profile according to figure 7.19.

Industrial oil additive test

Taking into consideration theimpact of ceramization on residual stress values it shall be noted, that this process is indifferent to residual stress values. Obtained fluctuations of residual stress before and after ceramization are analogical as of the wheel working with oil without additive.

The results of the measurements of residual stress on teeth surface. Table 7.6

Industrial oil additive test

As a result of relaxation processes there are stress fluctuations and they are within a margin error. It shall be noted that volume of ceramization process for residual stress values is an advantageous trait of apparatus as entering negative residual stress for carbonizing and hardening results in increasing of surface strength and resistance to tooth base bending fatigue. Every process decreasing negative values of residual stress would be disadvantageous and would decrease tooth strength.

Measurement of teeth deviations for wheels before and after ceramization were determined respectively for tooth No. 1,5,10,15. Measurement of performance deviations for teeth after ceramization were performed on active surface of teeth excluding lower area of cone apex entering into tooth root. Reference analysis of meshing performance deviations after ceramization shows significant impact of this process on forming of reference apex. Probably a hard ceramic layer causes significant grinding of common apex what consequently gives the same effect as a modification of tooth head profile (comparison of charts for the purpose of determination profile of tooth deviation F before and after ceramization).

Impact of oil additive for toothed gear of skewed teeth was analyzed on stand described in chapter 6. Cerazmization process of surface was obtained thanks to addition of CERAMIZER® to oil and work of gear under nominal load of 50 hours. After this time a mass temperature of tooth side surface was determined and it was compared to mass temperature obtained for tooth without ceramic layer. Table 7.7 contains measurement results along with calculated values of heat generated on teeth surface.

Comparison thermal parameters of meshing after and before the ceramization. Table 7.7

Industrial oil additive test

Obtained results of decreased friction ratio for gear are comparable with results obtained with device T-05.

There are following main effects of generating ceramic layer of tooth surface:

CERAMIZER® has a significant impact on the level of vibrations of gear. Almost twofold decrease of vibrations parameters as an effective amplitude of speed and acceleration is reported.
Decrease of vibration goes along with decrease of noise of equivalent acoustic pressure level. This value is around 1,6 dB(A).
In ceramization there is not any process of reduction of initial negative residual stress caused by hardening what is very advantageous. Ceramization does  directly  impact  reduction of tooth side wear resistance as well as  fatigue of teeth basis.
Due to very high toughness of surface a ceramic coat makes for easier and faster wearing in. It is evident on common apex. Effects of this process are comparable to modification of common apex profile.
After ceramization process inter-tooth friction ratio decreases by 30%.
Also mass consumption falls significantly by around 60%.